TYPES OF RAILROAD CARS:
Railway transportation services are executed by different types of rolling stock. Depending on character of cargo, constructions of cargo body, methods of loading and unloading, as well as providing of cargo safety divide: box cars, gondola cars, platforms, cisterns, dump cars, freight railroad cars of the bunker type and freight railroad cars – refrigerators.
The box car is used for transportation of cargoes, which require protection from atmospheric precipitations. A cargo body of box car is a construction that consists of frame with floor, four walls and roof. Universal box cars loading and unloading is executed through the doors located in side walls. Gondola car is intended for transportation of cargoes, which do not require protection from atmospheric precipitations. Gondola cars have no roof, so it allows completely mechanizing loading.
- Tare, Cargo carrying capacity
- Volume of cargo body
- Area of floor
- Length and other linear sizes
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